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2. Water Route

2. Water Route

It starts at the Abrevadero de la Harinera as it is a good accessible point with the urban network of Algarinejo.

 

 

 

Next, you walk along a path that leads to the Turca River, from where a narrow path (1-2 m) starts that reaches the Salto or Cascada de Zurreón, which runs parallel to the stream of the same name.
Likewise, next to the Turca River, there is a path to the east, up to the bridge that crosses it, to gradually ascend through the base of the Loma del Moro Santo and near the highway.
After crossing the Arroyo de Zurreón, and following the livestock route, the route ends at the Cruz de San Sebastián, a connection node with Route 5.

View of El Zurreón area and Arroyo de Turca.

environmental
The high slopes and the high boxing of the streams of Zurreón show a limestone landscape of very abrupt Jurassic origin and of great landscape quality, the Algarinejo mountains. Gullies, waterfalls and pools of water follow one another in deep ravines and streams, as is the case of the Río Turca and especially the Arroyo de Zurreón.
On the margins of this hydrological system there is riparian vegetation with willows (Salix spp.), black poplars (Populus nigra) and occasional elms (Ulmus minor), as well as reeds, cattails, century-old walnut trees, fig trees and pomegranate trees.
It is a habitat of interest for the observation of reptiles and amphibians (Ladder Snake, Common Frog) and especially birds linked to mature tree masses such as the Great Tit, the Blue Tit and other insectivorous birds (Common Nightingale and Bastard, Gray Flycatcher, etc). The presence of forest mammals (Garduña, Jineta) and smaller birds of prey (eg Common Kestrel) is also attested. The Barbel is the dominant fish species due to the use of the Turca River as a spawning area.

Path to the Zurreón.


Cultural

Between streams and ravines of transparent waters, typical elements of the rural habitat appear, such as the town of El Peñón, a singular sample of Andalusian popular architecture.
The Vía Pecuaria that runs from Arroyo Zurreón to the Cruz de San Sebastián is the main element that articulated the livestock system, of great historical importance in Algarinejo. Various bridges from medieval times, such as the Puente Hundío, were used for the passage of cattle that sought the fresh pastures of the holm oak dehesas, also fulfilling the function of collecting taxes for cattle transit.
Watering holes and resting places facilitated transhumance, which consisted of moving sheep and cattle in an itinerant way, taking advantage of the best pasture seasons.
An intricate system of ditches, branches and pools or irrigation ponds whose origin dates back to medieval times, facilitated the exploitation of the rich and productive orchards around Arroyo Zurreón.
Centennial fig, pomegranate and walnut trees create an environment where the Muslim imprint is noticeable as they are characteristic species of the medieval agrarian system. The centuries-old walnut trees of this authentic archaeological landscape appear as a legacy of another traditional activity: the pickling and washing of hides that was carried out with the pulp of the walnut tree at Cortijo La Tenería.

Path to the Zurreón.

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