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7. Housing Route

7. Housing Route

The route that we travel, starts at the “Cordel de La Viña” junction, the cattle track that crosses the village of “La Viña”, one of the best-preserved popular architectural complexes in Algarinejo. After connecting on the right with a series of houses, the path leads us to the “Barriada del Castillo”, the origin of this town and the main objective of the route.
This urban enclave of great architectural interest that is located in the vicinity of the enclave “Salto o Cascada de La Viña”, a place of passage of the itinerary, which continues until it connects with Route 8 (or Ruta de los Arrieros), of greater length and ending in the vicinity of the Iznájar reservoir.

The village of “La Viña” is located near the foothills of the “Sierra de Chanzas” (classified as a Serrano Complex of Environmental Interest), the most interesting mountainous area in the municipality and in whose vicinity its highest point is located: ” El Morrón” with 1200 m above sea level. This environment is a high basin with forms of mountainous countryside whose abrupt modeling is carried out by small, albeit continuous, mountain streams that originate in the “Sierra de Chanzas”.
To highlight the “Salto de la Viña”, a unique geological and hydrological place.
Within all this urban framework, we can find groves of large holm oaks in the old cattle pass, together with cornicabras, walnuts and hundred-year-old fig trees that have withstood the passage of time and the action of man. Fauna observations will normally be scarce, except for those animals typical of the anthropic environment: Iberian Lizard, Common Gecko, House Sparrow, Barn Swallow, Common House Martin, Common Swift, Field Mouse, Fox, etc.

El Castillo neighborhood

The environment of “La Viña” has an intense exploitation of the territory, particularly since the Andalusian period, where we find magnificent examples of conservation of popular Andalusian architecture, such as the “Barrio del Castillo”, with practically original forms from the 16th century. .
The traditional house was based on rectangular naves with wide load-bearing walls of rubble masonry that supported two floors or bodies. On the lower floor was the kitchen with a large fireplace, the main place of activity, and small bedrooms. The upper floor was dedicated to the storage of grains, victuals and oils in large daggerboards or atrojes, a kind of silos delimited by walls and also to sleeping rooms. In numerous cases, small cattle were rigged on the second floor. Over time, storage rooms, bedrooms, bathrooms or second slaughter kitchens and stables for animals (donkeys, sheep, goats) were gradually added to the side-corners of these first original warehouses, finally forming an L or U-shaped plan of rectangular naves inside which there was a paved patio with a well or cistern. The roofs were by means of two or four water tiles.
Also of great interest are the old historic quarter, a populated road that originates from being a cattle pass and crossroads of several cattle tracks, a medieval Cubo Mill in the vicinity of Salto de la Viña and a set of olive oil mills. .